Volume 1 - Issue 1


Article Number 1
Title

Nematode-Trapping Fungi

Authors

Swe A, Li J, Zhang KQ, Pointing SB, Jeewon R, Hyde KD

Received 04 June 2011
Accepted 06 June 2011
Published Online 25 June 2011
Corresponding Author kdhyde3@gmail.com
Abstract This manuscript provides an account of nematode-trapping fungi including their taxonomy, phylogeny and evolution. There are four broad groups of nematophagous fungi categorized based on their mechanisms of attacking nematodes. These include 1) nematode-trapping fungi using adhesive or mechanical hyphal traps, 2) endoparasitic fungi using their spores, 3) egg parasitic fungi invading nematode eggs or females with their hyphal tips, and 4) toxin-producing fungi immobilizing nematodes before invasion The account briefly mentions fossil nematode-trapping fungi and looks at biodiversity, ecology and geographical distribution including factors affecting their distribution such as salinity. Nematode-trapping fungi occur in terrestrial, freshwater and marine habitats, but rarely occur in extreme environments. Fungal-nematodes interactions are discussed the potential role of nematode-trapping fungi in biological control is briefly reviewed. Although the potential for use of nematode-trapping fungi is high there have been few successes resulting in commercial products.
Keywords Ascomycetes – Biocontrol – Biodiversity – Fossil fungi – Fungi – Nematodes – Phylogeny
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Article Number 2
Title

Where to publish in mycology?

Authors

Hyde KD, KoKo TW.

Received 18 June 2011
Accepted 18 June 2011
Published Online 25 June 2011
Corresponding Author kdhyde3@gmail.com
Abstract Accounts are provided for the major journals that publish manuscripts entirely devoted to mycology and that publish in English. This includes 34 mainstream journals and several journals of a general nature which also often publish mycological articles are mentioned. The mainstream journals comprise two review journals and 32 journals publishing both review papers and research articles. In 2010 the mainstream mycological journals published approximately 1940 manuscripts comprising about 18330 pages. Ten of the mainstream mycological journals are online and open access while the remaining journals are published by publishers or societies and are not open access.
Keywords fungal journals – impact factor – manuscript submission – open access – mycological societies
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Article Number 3
Title

Colletotrichum, naming, control, resistance, biocontrol of weeds and current challenges

Authors

Phoulivong S

Received 15 May 2011
Accepted 20 June 2011
Published Online 01 July 2011
Corresponding Author Sack Phoulivong – sphoulivong@gmail.com
Abstract Colletotrichum is one of the most economically important fungal genera which causes anthracnose disease, affecting a wide range of hosts, especially tropical and subtropical crops, reducing yield and quality of the plant products. There has been a surge of interest in this genus and this paper reviews information on Colletotrichum from these studies. Most important for the study of Colletotrichum species is the need to understand species concepts and enable accurate identification based on morphology and molecular methods. A polyphasic approach for defining species include morphology, multigenes analysis physiology, symptoms on different hosts, pathogenicity and testing on a range of hosts. The disease life cycle, use in biological control and currently accepted names of Colletotrichum are discussed and updated as such information will support effective disease control management.
Keywords Anthracnose – Biocontrol – Disease resistance – Infection processes – Plant disease
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Article Number 4
Title

Coprophilous ascomycetes of northern Thailand

Authors

Mungai P, Hyde KD, Cai L, Njogu J, Chukeatirote K

Received 10 March 2011
Accepted 10 October 2011
Published Online 29 October 2011
Corresponding Author Kevin D. Hyde –kdhyde3@gmail.com
Abstract The distribution and occurrence of coprophilous ascomycetes on dung of Asiatic elephant, cattle, chicken, goat and water buffalo in Chiang Rai Province, northern Thailand was investigated between March and May, 2010. A moist chamber culture method was employed. Species from eleven genera in Sordariales, Pleosporales, Pezizales, Thelebolales and Microascales were identified. Some of the species examined are new records for Thailand. The most common species were Saccobolus citrinus, Sporormiella minima, Ascobolus immersus and Cercophora kalimpongensis. Most fungal species were found on cattle dung. Chicken dung, a rarely reported substrate for coprophilous fungi, had the least fungal species.
Keywords Ascobolus – Cercophora – dung types – moist chamber – Saccobolus – Sporormiella – substrate
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Article Number 5
Title

Important of secondary metabolites in the Xylariaceae as parameters for assessment of their taxonomy, phylogeny, and functional biodiversity

Authors

Stadler M

Received 19 August 2011
Accepted 22 August 2011
Published Online 30 October 2011
Corresponding Author Marc Stadler –marc.stadler@t-online.de
Abstract This paper constitutes a synopsis of our polythetic studies of the Xylariaceae, which was originally compiled in the course of a Habilitation thesis. Based on several thousands of specimens and several hundreds of cultures, morphological studies of the teleomorphs and anamorphs of these fungi were combined with chemotaxonomic studies based on HPLC-DAD/MS profiling, as well as PCR fingerprinting and molecular phylogenetic analyses. Numerous novel pigments and other natural products, many of which were shown to have biological activities were also isolated and identified, and their production in the course of the life cycle of their producer organisms was followed by HPLC profiling and biological assays. Numerous new species and even new genera were recognised in the course of this work. Finally, secondary metabolite production in cultures of Xylariaceae was correlated with molecular data and the production of certain chemotaxonomic marker compounds was found to be strongly correlated with a phylogeny based on ITS nrDNA, demonstrating that secondary metabolite profiles are not only important species-specific characters but even have phylogenetic significance. The work on Xylariaceae is proposed as a model how interdisciplinary, international collaborations can help to increase our understanding of the phylogenetic and evolutionary relationships, as well as the biology of fungal organisms. Similar work on other groups of the Ascomycota and Basidiomycota would certainly be rewarding.
Keywords chemosystematics – Xylariales – extrolites – metabolomics – bioprospecting
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About CREAM Journal

Current Research in Environmental & Applied Mycology publishes reviews, research articles, methodology papers, taxonomic works such as monographs, and checklists which are relevant to fungal biology, including lichens. The official journal language is English.

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